Ford is planning to build two battery plants in Kentucky and one in Tennessee. Toyota Motor has announced it will locate a battery plant in North Carolina. Stellantis, the company created in the merger of Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot, is building a battery plant in Indiana. Tesla, which dominates the sale of electric vehicles, has a large battery plant in Nevada.
The rush to build battery plants is part of one of the most profound shifts the auto industry has experienced in its century-long history. In an effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions, automakers are spending tens of billions of dollars to build new electric models and the factories to assemble them.
Last week, regulators in California said the state would ban the sale of new gasoline-powered vehicles by 2035. G.M. has said it hopes to phase out internal combustion vehicles by then, and other automakers have set similar goals.